A GENERAL THEORY OF MULTIVALUATION A GENERAL THEORY OF MULTIVALUATION

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(Old Database about Coordination)

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MODERN GREEK

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Cite as

Himmelreich, Anke, Melissa Jeckel, Katharina Hartmann, Johannes Mursell, Nelli Kerezova, and Peter W. Smith (2021): Agreement with Coordinated Subjects in the World's Languages. Ms., Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main (Link: http://www.multivaluation.de/database.php)

Overview

Language family:Indo-European (Hellenic)
Countries:Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Balkans, Black Sea coast, Eastern Mediterranean, Southern Italy
Number of speakers:13.4 million
Agreement features:number, person
Attested word orders:SV
Coordination types:and, or

Data Collection

The data were entered by a native speaker via an online form.

Patterns for number

Coordination with ``and''

SV order

Pattern: Number is resolved to plural in all cases.

1st | 2ndsgpl
sgplpl
plplpl

Examples:

(1)     Toaɣoriceceoandrastrexun.
the.sgboy.sgandthe.sgman.sgrun.3pl
`The boy and the man run.'
(2)     Taaɣorʝaceoandrastrexun.
the.plboy.plandthe.sgtman.sgrun.3pl
`The boys and the man run.'
(3)     Toaɣoriceiandrestrexun.
the.sgboy.sgandthe.plman.plrun.3pl
`The boy and the men run.'

Coordination with ``or''

SV order

Pattern: There is closest conjunct agreement.

1st | 2ndsgpl
sgsgpl
plsgpl

Examples:

(6)     Toaɣoriioandrastrechi.
the.sgboy.sgorthe.sgman.sgrun.3sg
`The boy or the man run.'
(7)     Taaɣorʝaioandrastrechi.
the.plboy.plorthe.sgman.sgrun.3sg
`The boys or the man run.'
(8)     Toaɣoriiiandrestrexun.
the.sgboy.sgorthe.plman.plrun.3pl
`The boy or the men run.'

Patterns for person

Coordination with ``and''

SV order

Pattern: Mismatching person seems to be resolved following the hierarchy 1 > 2 > 3. (Number is resolved to plural.)

1st | 2nd123
11pl1pl
21pl
31pl

Examples:

(11)     Esikieɣotrexume.
youandIrun.1pl
'You and I run.'
(12)     Eɣokiesitrexume.
Iandyourun.1pl
'I and you run.'
(13)     Emiskiaftitrexume.
weandtheyrun.1pl
'We and they run.'
(14)     Aftikiemistrexume.
theyandwerun.1pl
'They and we run.'

Coordination with ``or''

SV order

Pattern: In combinations of 1st and 2nd person, mismatching person is resolved following the hierarchy 1 > 2 > 3. In combinations of 1st and 3rd person, there is closest conjunct agreement. (Number is resolved to plural.)

1st | 2nd123
11pl3pl
21pl
31pl

Examples:

(15)     Esiieɣotrexume.
youorIrun.1pl
`You or I run.'
(16)     Eɣoiesitrexume.
Ioryourun.1pl
`I or you run.'
(17)     Emisiaftitrechun.
weortheyrun.3pl
`We or they run.'
(18)     Aftiiemistrexume.
theyorwerun.1pl
`They or we run.'